Detailed research into ethical elements surrounding my project.
Research and learnings
This week I really wanted to extensively look into the ethical side of this project. This is because I know that I will be working with vulnerable children.
I filled out the ethics form and questionnaire provided by Falmouth, but I also wanted to make sure I had covered all grounds as this is a particularly sensitive subject area. As this project is also based in my locality which is Bordeaux, France, I need to check the ethical requirements for France as well as the UK.
The ethical requirements for a project like this were pretty hard to track down, however, I did find a series of very useful projects that have similar objectives to my own. Examining these projects has allowed me to get a clearer idea of how to approach my own project here in France.
Les Programmes de Reinstallation – Different programmes that help refugees settle into a new country.
I wanted to look through these to get a better idea of what the general rules were for how to organise and approach sensitive subjects where you are working with vulnerable children.
A few that caught my eye and that are most relevant my project are the following:
LE PROGRAMME ARISE (réfugiés syriens) / Depuis 2016
“In 2015, in addition to the framework agreement with the UNHCR, a new commitment to receive resettled refugees is issued by France. This commitment is part of the European Union’s commitment to receive 50,000 Syrian refugees for resettlement. In order to assert its place as a resettlement country, France then proposes to receive 10,000 of these Syrian refugees from Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan between 2016 and 2019. Like all temporary resettlement programs, this program is piloted by the General Directorate for Foreigners in France (DGEF), the Interministerial Delegation for Housing and Access to Housing (DIHAL) and the Interministerial Delegation for the Reception and Integration of Refugees (DIAIR).
Within this framework, Forum réfugiés-Cosi commits itself in 2016 and launches the ARISE program in July of the same year with the objective of welcoming and accompanying a little more than 500 refugees in three years. Initiated with the arrival of 31 people in Aubenas and Largentière (Ardèche), the ARISE program has also been deployed in Auvergne Rhône Alpes, Occitania and Ain through a partnership with Alfa3A. At the end of December 2019, the objective of welcoming refugees set within the framework of this project was achieved.” – Translated it from French from the article
THE AINRAF PROGRAM (refugees from sub-Saharan Africa) / April 2018 to January 2020
“In October 2017, President Emmanuel Macron announced the organization of OFPRA field missions to Chad and Niger in order to “better prevent the situation from arising from Niger and Chad to prevent an influx of economic migrants” and pledged to receive 3,000 refugees from these countries of asylum, in particular people evacuated from Libya and eligible for asylum in France.
Following this commitment, Forum réfugiés-Cosi is implementing a new resettlement program called AINRAF. Under this new program, 50 people from Chad and Niger were received in Villeurbanne between April and May 2018. In fact, this resettlement program, promoted by the French government, unlike the other programs, requires people to move to a transitional accommodation center, pending the availability of housing that is appropriate to the family composition and health characteristics of each household. This waiting period – estimated at about five months – was followed by entry into housing on a sliding lease and then a lease shift, or entry into housing on a direct lease when social rights are open. All households were housed in the Rhône department or in the metropolitan area of Lyon. This difference in the process on arrival in France does not, however, change the terms of social and health support.”
– Translated it from French from the article
THE HEVI – HOPE PROGRAMME (Iraqi Yezidi refugees) / Since November 2019
At the same time as the RACINE program is launched, Forum réfugiés-Cosi is committed from September 2019 to participate in the reception of Yézidies women. This commitment echoes that made by the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron in October 2018. Indeed, following his meeting with Nadia Murad (President of the Nadia Murad Initiative association and Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 2018), Mr. Macron announces the reception of a hundred single-parent families (widows with children) by the end of 2019.
The Yezidi form a community apart: most of them live in Northern Iraq, mostly in the Sinjar Mountains, they have their own syncretist religion, their own place of pilgrimage located in Lalish (Iraq) and they speak a Kurdish dialect called Kurmandji or Sorani depending on their exact area of origin. Their originality has regularly made them undesirable to other neighboring communities, and the hostility of the dominant societies has led to their persecution on numerous occasions.
Thus, in 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (EIIL) invaded Sinjar, the Yezidi community was one of the greatest victims of the radical and particularly murderous policies of this organization. From the moment of its arrival in the region, Daech was guilty of mass murders and kidnappings, as well as human trafficking. Many men were murdered in particularly violent conditions and many remain missing to this day. Women were frequently abducted, forcibly married, raped, and sold, while their children were placed with Daech families and some were forcibly conscripted into the organization’s army.
Today, more than 500 Yezidi of Iraqi nationality have been received in France in four waves, between December 2018 and November 2019, through an ad hoc humanitarian admission program.
It should be emphasized here that these families have not been resettled in the strict sense of the term insofar as they have not left the country of which they are nationals, Iraq, thus returning to the category of internally displaced persons. However, France has decided to apply the same process as that applied in the framework of resettlement programs. Thus, after having been identified as particularly vulnerable by Nadia Murad’s Initiative, the families were all met by the OFPRA during various field missions on Iraqi territory. Following this, as France has confirmed that it has granted them protection, they were able to benefit from a transfer by plane organized by the IOM, as is the case for all resettlement programs.
At the end of 2019, Forum réfugiés Cosi welcomes 6 Yezidi families, in 6 lodgings rented through the principle of rolling lease, in the Rhone department.